Express Entry is Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s (IRCC’s) system for managing the intake of economic immigration applications submitted on or after January 1, 2015, for the following classes:
- Federal skilled worker class (FSWC);
- Federal skilled trades class (FSTC);
- Canadian experience class (CEC); and
- a portion of the provincial nominee class (PNC).
As of January 1, 2015, foreign nationals must receive an invitation from IRCC before they may apply to the above programs.
Express Entry eliminates the requirement to process applicants in these programs through a first in, first out method. IRCC aims to process 80% of complete Express Entry applications in six months or less.
In Express Entry, foreign nationals wishing to come to Canada must first complete a profile through their online account. Those who appear to meet the criteria of one or more of the three federal immigration programs managed through Express Entry (i.e., FSWC, FSTC and CEC) are automatically entered into the Express Entry pool of candidates. Top-ranked candidates are then invited to apply online for permanent residence.
Candidates who do not have a qualifying offer of arranged employment or a provincial or territorial nomination when completing their profile are required to register with the Government of Canada’s Job Bank within the first 30 days following their profile submission. Candidates will not be eligible for an invitation to apply if they failed to register with Job Bank.
In addition, before creating an Express Entry profile, candidates must
- take a designated language test;
- have their educational credentials assessed by a designated organization against Canadian standards (if educated outside of Canada); and
- find out whether their work experience falls within a qualifying skill type as per the Government of Canada’s job classification system (National Occupational Classification).